The Journal
The Latest from the History Center
Journal Newsletter Sept 9-13th
September 15, 2019

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Vicki Starner presented at our last Forum about the fascinating life and career of Dr. Crawford Long. Vicki is the Director of the Crawford Long Museum in Jefferson, Georgia, and spoke to the importance of Dr. Long's discoveries in surgical anesthesia. Thanks, Vicki, for sharing this remarkable piece of our region's history with us! This Forum is available to view at this YouTube link: Forum - Dr. Crawford Long

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Be sure to attend our next Forum The Buford Dam & Lake Lanier on October 8th with Geoffrey Whitehead of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

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By Executive Director Glen Kyle

Not all history is in the past… and there have been some recent developments between the Cherokee Nation and the United States to prove it! It’s especially interesting when taken in context of our recent summer Chautauqua series about Native Americans and Indian Removal.

The Treaty of New Echota was signed in 1835 and led to the expulsion of the Cherokee from their lands east of the Mississippi. In return for those lands, the Cherokee were promised equivalent lands in what is now Oklahoma, a cash settlement of $5 million, and all travel expenses related to removal paid. One aspect of the treaty, however, has been ignored or avoided by both parties…. Until now.

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Depiction of the signing of the Treaty of New Echota on December 29, 1835

In August, Principal Chief Chuck Hoskin, Jr. announced that the Cherokee Nation would be invoking Article 7 of the Treaty of New Echota, which reads: The Cherokee nation having already made great progress in civilization and deeming it important that every proper and laudable inducement should be offered to their people to improve their condition as well as to guard and secure in the most effectual manner the rights guaranteed to them in this treaty, and with a view to illustrate the liberal and enlarged policy of the Government of the United States towards the Indians in their removal beyond the territorial limits of the States, it is stipulated that they shall be entitled to a delegate in the House of Representatives of the United States whenever Congress shall make provision for the same. Chief Hoskin has chosen the delegate, Kimberly Teehee, and has asked Congress to “make provision for the same.” There are several reasons for why this is happening now, among them a new movement among Native Americans to assert themselves and their rights with a strength of voice they have not possessed before. But for whatever reasons, the consequences of a 185-year-old agreement are being brought to bear on our national conversation.

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Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Chuck Hoskin Jr. announcing his nomination of Kimberly Teehee as a Cherokee Nation delegate to Congress. (Sue Ogrocki/AP)

What will this mean? Will the delegate be a voting member, or a non-voting member as are several other delegates from U.S. territories? Will this alter the fundamental relationship between the United States and the Cherokee Nation? Does this constitute an implicit acceptance of the Treaty of New Echota by the Cherokee after 185 years? Will other native nations expect, or agitate for, similar representation? Tough questions to answer at this point, but it goes to show that our interpretation of the past is ever-changing, ever-important, and always relevant.

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This week From the Archives is a souvenir token issued by the 25 Year Club of Chicopee Manufacturing. Chicopee Mill opened in 1927 and was one of the first one-story cotton mills; this was designed with the workers in mind, to ensure well-ventilated areas and improvement of air quality. Chicopee Village, the town created by Chicopee Manufacturing, accommodated 1,500 people and had 250 homes. Included in the town were two churches, a school, a swimming pool, a community center, and a community store.

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This token from the archives is a one-dollar coin, given to an employee of the Chicopee Manufacturing Company. The 25 Year Club was a membership given to those workers who had served the company for over 25 years. Members received a token from the Community Store as a souvenir and as a gesture of thanks. These tokens were used within the Community Store as currency for those who were residents of the Chicopee Village. We have many of these Chicopee tokens within our archives including 5 and 10 cent pieces, and we are thankful to hold these pieces of Chicopee history.

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In this week's episode of our podcast, Then Again with Ken & Glen, Ken and Glen talk about what led them to a career in museums and offer advice for those who are interested in working at a historic site or museum. Listen at this link: So You Want to Work in a Museum?

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If you have a topic you'd like Ken and Glen to discuss, email your ideas to us at thenagainpodcast@gmail.com!

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Forum - The Buford Dam & Lake Lanier

October 8th at 7 PM

Only $3 or Free for Museum Members

Geoffrey Whitehead of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers will present on the history of the Buford Dam and the creation of Lake Lanier. The dam and lake were created to control downstream flooding, provide a reliable source of drinking water and hydroelectric power, and recreation purposes. During this forum you'll learn about the controversy over this huge endeavor and its impact on the surrounding community and environment.

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Family Day - The Grandeur That Was Rome!

October 13th from 1-4PM

Free to the public thanks to the Ada Mae Ivester Education Center

October is our month to take a journey farther back into the past than usual on a Family Day - and this year we go back to Rome! With The Grandeur that was Rome join us to experience the rich tapestry of Roman daily life with hand-on activities, living history interpretation, performing arts, cooking, and combat demonstrations!

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For more fascinating photos and information on our region's past, follow our social media!

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Gentlemen stand in front of J.C. Henderson General Merchandise Store in Gillsville, between 1900 and 1909.

The Northeast Georgia History Center at Brenau University - 322 Academy St NE Gainesville, GA 30501 - 770.297.5900 - historycenter@brenau.edu